Kamis, 29 November 2012

The Importance Of Learning Media

The importance of learning media in diverse learning media type must not be used simultaneously fully in the learning activities, but only a few. For that, we need to do in the media poll. In order for the appropriate selection of instructional media, it is necessary to consider the factors or criteria and measures media selection.

Criteria to be considered teachers or educators in selecting instructional media by Nana Sudjana (1990: 4-5) that are:

Ø  the accuracy of the media with the aim of teaching,
Ø  support for the content of teaching materials,
Ø  ease of obtaining media;
Ø  keterrampilan teachers use;
Ø  available time to use, and
Ø  in accordance with the child's level of thinking.

Commensurate with that I Nyoman Sudana Degeng (1993; 26-27) states that there are a number of factors to consider teachers or educators in selecting teaching media, namely:
a.    instructional objectives,
b.   effectiveness,
c.    students;
d.   availability;
e.    the cost of procurement;
f.    technical quality.

Furthermore, according to Farida Basuki Authority and Mukti (1992/1993: 67-68) the criteria to be considered in the selection of media, namely:
v  objectives,
v  the characteristics of the students, and the allocation of time,
v  the availability,
v  effectiveness;
v  compatibility , and
v  cost.
connection with this media selection, Azhar Arsyad (1997: 76-77) states that the criteria for selecting the media are:
·         in accordance with the objectives to be achieved,
·         the right to support the lesson content, and
·         the practical, flexible, and resistant,
·         use of skilled teachers;
·         clustering of targets, and
·         the technical quality.

Furthermore, Brown, Lewis, and Harcleroad (1983: 76-77) states that in selecting the media needs to consider the following criteria: 1) content, 2) purposes; 3) appropriatness; 4) cost, 5) technical quality; 6) circumstances of uses; 7) learner verification, and 8) validation.

From some opinions on the above, it can be affirmed that, in principle, those opinions have in common and complement each other. Furthermore, according to the writer to be considered in the selection of media that is the purpose of learning, effectiveness, learners, availability, technical quality, cost, flexibility, and the ability of people who use and allocation of the available time.

1.      The purpose of learning.
Media should be chosen to support the achievement of learning objectives that have been established earlier, there may be a number of alternatives were considered suitable for these purposes. As much as possible choose the most suitable.
2.      Compatibility is determined by the compliance characteristics of many objectives to be achieved by the characteristics of the media that will be used.
3.      Effectiveness
Of several alternative media that have been selected, which are considered the most effective way to achieve the goals set.
4.      Learners
There are some questions to ask when choosing a media related to student learning, such as:
Whether the media is selected according to the characteristics of learners?
Whether it is the ability or level of thinking, experience, attract media?
Whether learning for students used for learners and education classes are where?
Whether for individual study, small group or large group or class?
How many learners? Where is it located? What about learning styles? For face-to-face activities or remotely?
These questions need to be considered when selecting and using media in learning activities.
5.      Availability.
Is the media needed was already available?, whether the media can be obtained easily? For availability of media there are several alternatives that can be taken is to make your own, make together with the students, borrowed rented, bought and probably assistance.
6.      Technical quality
Is the media that the media selected fine quality? Is it eligible as a medium of education? What is the state of the selected media durability that? Procurement costs.
In selecting the media to consider flexibility in the sense that it can be used in different situations and at the time of use is not harmful. The ability of people to use it. No matter how high the value of usability media, would not give a lot of benefits for people who can not afford to use it.
7.      Allocation of time
the time available in the learning process will affect the use of instructional media. For that when choosing instructional media we can ask a few questions such as whether there is enough time for the procurement of media, is also sufficient time available for its use.

Azar Arsyad. (1997). Teaching Media. London: King Grafindo Persada. Basuki
Brown, James W, Lewis Robert B, and Harcleroad, Fred F. (1983). Instructional AV: Technology, Media, and Method. New York: Mc. Graw-Hill Book Company. Degeng, I Nyoman Sudana. (1993) Media Education. Malang: FIP IKIP Malang. Nana Sudjana and Ahmad Rivai. (1991). Teaching Media. New York:

Read More in: http://www.m-edukasi.web.id/2012/05/pentingnya-media-pembelajaran.html.

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